This minor equips students to serve the preaching and teaching ministry of the Church by better understanding how to teach and interpret the Bible, based on study of the Bible in an original language. For further information, please contact the program director, Dr. Fred Johnson.

Requirements
BI 427 Advanced Hermeneutics 3
CM 438 Expository Teaching 3
BL Any 4 Courses in the Same Language 12
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This minor introduces students to the science of linguistics and the task of Bible Translation. Students also choose four foundational courses in Biblical languages. For further information, please contact the program director, Mike Nichols.

Requirements
IC 253 Introduction to Bible Translation 3
ES 322 Introduction to Linguistics 3
BL Any 4 Biblical Language Courses 12
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This minor equips the students to understand and interpret the Bible according to its original languages. For further information, please contact the program director, Dr. Mark Mangano.

Requirements
BL Any 6 Biblical Language Courses 18
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This minor equips students to understand and interpret the Bible according to its relevant contexts and one of its original languages.

Requirements
BI 393 History and Literature of the 2nd Temple Period 3
BI 417 Scripture in the Early Church 3
BI 427 Advanced Hermeneutics 3
BL Greek or Hebrew (all in same language) 6
Choose one of the following:
BL 341 Advanced Greek I 3
BL 351 Advanced Hebrew I 3
NT New Testament Book Study 3
OT Old Testament Book Study 3
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A minor in Business Administration will prepare students for service in the business and non-profit sectors. Distinctives of the minor include smaller classes, real-world projects, and an applied/skill-based approach to learning. Students will develop the business skills, work ethic, and character required to succeed in organizational life. The emphasis is on integrating Christian faith and business. For further information, please contact the program director, Eric Teoro.

Requirements
AD 350 Principles of Accounting 3
AD 373 Marketing I 3
AD 381 Human Resource Management 3
AD 480 Principles of Management 3
AD Any 2 business electives 6
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1. All students are expected to adhere to the guidelines listed in the Business Administration Program Handbook.

2. AD 381 and AD 480 must be taken at LCU. If a student transfers either of these courses to LCU, the course(s) may count toward elective hours and the corresponding course(s) will be retaken at LCU.

3. Students must complete 9 hours of AD courses at LCU. Excess hours, either transferred or taken at LCU may count toward elective hours.

A minor in Children & Family Studies can be an excellent complement for those students who are interested in the spiritual development and welfare of children and their families in mission fields as well as in local churches in the capacity of minister, social worker, or skilled helper. "FE" below refers to the Field Experience hours requirements needed for each course. For further information, please contact the program director, Dr. Karen Estep.

Requirements
CE 211 Foundations of Children & Family Studies 3, 10FE
CE 220 Child Theology & Spiritual Development 3, 10FE
CE 235 Marriage & Family 3
CE 423 Leadership in Children & Family Ministry 3
Choose two of the following:
CE 230 Skills of the Helping Professional 3
CE 305 Worship & Arts for Children & Family Ministry 3
CE 328 Ministry to Urban Children & Youth 3
CE 441 Ministry to Children in Crisis 3
EC 237 Survey of the Exceptional Child 3, 30FE
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This minor helps the students to be equipped with broader perspectives and knowledge on educational ministry for young people, children and youth. Understanding ministry for both children and youth is a vital asset for those students who are interested in the spiritual development and welfare of children, youth, and their families as a director/leader of education ministry, social worker or skilled helper in local churches as well as in a mission field. For further information, please contact the program director, Dr. Karen Estep.

Requirements
CE 211 Foundations of Children & Family Studies 3
CE 220 Child Theology & Spiritual Development 3
YM 211 Foundations of Youth & Family Ministry 3
YM 327 Social Issues for Youth & Family Ministry 3
Choose two of the following:
CE 230 Skills of the Helping Professional 3
CE 305 Worship & Arts for Children & Family Ministry 3
CE 328 Ministry to Urban Children & Youth 3
CE 441 Ministry to Children in Crisis 3
EC 237 Survey of the Exceptional Child 3
YM 329 Ministry to International Children & Youth 3
YM 360 Cultural Intelligence for Youth Ministry 3
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This minor is designed to give leadership and management skills to people intending to go into non-profit work or ministry settings. Organizational issues, leadership basics, change dynamics, basic management skills, and Christian character development are all a part of this cross-discipline minor. For further information, please contact the program director, Mike Nichols.

Requirements
AD 380 Organizational Behavior 3
AD 453 Not-for-Profit Organizations 3
AD 480 Principles of Management 3
AD 485 Business Ethics 3
CM 320 Christian Character & Leadership 3
SF 247 Prayer Practice & Spiritual Transformation 3
SF 260 Christian Spirituality 3
IC 277 Spiritual Conflict 3
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The Christian Ministry minor is designed to give students a wide range of experiences, to help them prepare for leadership in Christian Ministry areas. The focus is on equipping students with various skills and training that will prepare them to lead in various contexts. Graduates are encouraged to pursue further education through our Seminary, especially the Master of Divinity degree. For further information, please contact the program director, Dr. LC Sutton.

Requirements
AD 380 Organizational Behavior 3
CM 219 Discipleship in Postmodern World 3
CM 320 Christian Character & Leadership 3
PS 230 Skills of the Helping Professional 3
WM 383 Biblical Theology of Worship 3
Choose one of the following:
CE 306 Teaching / Learning in the Church 3
CE 315 Leading / Learning in the Church 3
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This minor introduces students to the church-planting task both in American and global contexts. There is an emphasis on urban ministry and opportunities are given for interaction with church-planting practitioners. For further information, please contact the program director Mike Nichols.

Requirements
IC 279 Introduction to Church Planting 3
IC 328 Ministry to Urban Children & Youth 3
IC 352 Exegeting the City (NY or Chicago) 3
IC 389 Global Church Planting 3
YM 453 Not-for-Profit Organizations 3
Choose one of the following:
IC 107 Exponential Church-Planting Conference 3
IC 109 Hargrove Church-Planting Institute 3
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All students are expected to adhere to the guidelines listed in the Intercultural Studies Program Handbook.

In this minor program, students will understand general communication theory and technology. The minor is designed to allow freedom to explore the varying facets within the field of communication. For further information, contact the program director, Dr. Peter A. Verkruyse.

Requirements
AD 292 Business Communication 3
WM 293 Visual Media for Worship I 3
Choose four of the following:
AD 291 Presentation Design & Delivery 3
AD 373 Marketing I 3
AD 374 Marketing II 3
AD 381 Human Resource Management 3
AR 101 Drawing I 3
AR 110 Introductory Photography 3
AR 201 Illustration and Design 3
LA 210 Advanced Composition 3
LA 217 Interpersonal Communication 3
PR 212 Homiletics 3
WM 361 Visual Media for Worship II 3
YM 213 Creative Communication for Ministry 3
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This minor introduces students to non-traditional youth ministry contexts such as urban "at risk" ministry as well as ministry in other countries and cultures. Preparation for social and spiritual issues faced in these contexts are emphasized. For further information, please contact the program director, Mike Nichols.

Requirements
IC 277 Spiritual Conflict 3
IC 328 Ministry to Urban Children & Youth 3
IC 329 Ministry to International Children & Youth 3
YM 211 Foundations for Youth & Family Ministry 3
YM 453 Not-for-Profit Organizations 3
Choose one of the following:
YM 325 Relational Dynamics for Youth Ministry 3
YM 327 Social Issues for Youth & Family Ministry 3
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All students are expected to adhere to the guidelines listed in the Intercultural Studies Program Handbook and must complete the following courses.

The Christian faith is rooted in history. The more one knows about deep antiquity, the better one can understand both the Old and New Testaments, the deeper one's faith can become. As an ancillary to the IDS program, the minor in history seeks to educate students in nearly all of the major subfields of the discipline: ancient, medieval, modern, US, and the study of the discipline itself (historiography). The discipline of history strongly emphasizes critical thinking and critical writing, two skills much needed by any educated Christian whatever their major or ministry. For further information, please contact the program director, Dr. Brian Messner.

Requirements1 2
HI 141 American History 3
HI 276 The American Revolution & the Early Republic 3
HI 292 Global History 3
HI 305 The Discipline of History 3
ID 310 Rome & the Early Church 3
ID 313 Crusades 3
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  1. HI 399 Readings in History could be offered as an Independent Study if there was a particular interest in a time period not covered. This class would be in addition to the courses above.
  2. This minor requires that the student already have taken ID 201, 202, 301, and 302. There could be some overlap between these courses and required courses for the General Education in the major therefore a student may end up only take 15 hours for their minor.

The Intercultural Studies program is designed to prepare students for entry-level intercultural ministry. This minor allows students to take six foundational courses essential for intercultural ministry. For further information, please contact the program director, Mike Nichols

Requirements
CM 152 Introduction to the Purpose of the Church 3
IC 251 Biblical / Historical Foundations for Missions 3
IC 368 Missions in the 21st Century 3
IC 371 Language & Communication 3
IC 372 Culture & Contextualization 3
IC 460 Preparation for Cross-Cultural Ministry 3
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All students are expected to adhere to the guidelines listed in the Intercultural Studies Program Handbook and must complete the following courses.

The minor program in Media Arts and Worship Technology prepares Christian servant leaders for the use of technologies within a corporate worship environment. Three main areas of study will be the use of audio, video, and stage design in a community worship context. For further information, contact Tom Sowers.

Requirements
WM 186 Introduction to Worship Technology1 3
WM 291 Sound for Worship I 3
WM 293 Visual Media for Worship I 3
WM 367 Special Issues in Worship Ministry 3
Choose two of the following:2
WM 361 Visual Media for Worship II 3
WM 363 Sound for Worship II 3
WM 365 Production Issues for Worship 3
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  1. For this course, Worship Ministry majors must substitute one of the Worship Technology Electives listed.
  2. Worship Ministry majors must take all three electives.
  3. Of the 18 hours required, students must complete 9 hours of WM courses at LCU.

The minor in music is intended to provide students a focused study in the basics of musicianship. Areas of study include private lessons, music theory, history, keyboard, and music technology. For further information, please contact the program director, Jeff Colleen.

Requirements
WM Applied Lessons (non-major, WM 170-180) 31
WM 181 Musicianship Skills I 3
WM 182 Musicianship Skills II 3
WM 186 Introduction to Worship Technology 3
WM 189 Keyboard Skills I 1
WM 273 Keyboard Skills II 1
WM 386 History and Literature of Music I 2
WM 388 History and Literature of Music II 2
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  1. All 3 hours of applied lesson hours must be taken at LCU.
  2. Of the 18 hours required, students must complete 9 hours of WM courses at LCU.

This minor equips students to understand and interpret the New Testament according to its relevant contexts and original language. For further information, please contact the program director, Dr. Steve Cone.

Requirements
BI 393 History and Literature of the 2nd Temple Period 3
BI 417 Scripture in the Early Church 3
BI 427 Advanced Hermeneutics 3
BL Greek Language Electives 6
Choose one of the following:
BL 341 Advanced Greek I 3
NT New Testament Book Study 3
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This minor equips students to understand and interpret the Old Testament according to its relevant contexts and original languages. For further information, please contact the program director, Dr. Mark Mangano.

Requirements
BI 393 History and Literature of the 2nd Temple Period 3
BI 427 Advanced Hermeneutics 3
OT Old Testament Book Study 3
BL Hebrew Language Electives 6
Choose one of the following:
BI 391 Archaeological Fieldwork 3
BL 351 Advanced Hebrew I 3
OT Old Testament Book Study 3
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This minor equips students better to understand the world and make assessments of it in light of developments in Christian theology and the history of philosophy. For further information, please contact the program director, Dr. Christopher Ben Simpson.

Requirements
PH Six Philosophy courses* 18
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* This includes any combination of PH prefix classes or philosophy focused Interdisciplinary Studies Electives: ID 316, 318, or 320.

This minor seeks to equip students with the general knowledge base and Biblical worldview to complete an associate's degree which is part of a consortia program at St. Francis.

Requirements1
SC 112 Nutrition 3
SC 158 Chemistry & Society Lab 1
SC 251 Microbiology 3
SC 252 Microbiology Lab 1
SC 255 Anatomy and Physiology I 4
SC 256 Anatomy and Physiology II 4
MA 190 Problem Solving in Math2 3
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  1. The following hours will need to be taken as part of the major, General Ed core electives, or major electives if wishing to transfer to St. Francis: MA 295 Statistics, PS/ED 249 Lifespan Development, and LA 210 Advanced Composition.
  2. Or any other "transferable" math class.

A minor in Preaching Ministry will prepare students for various pastoral leadership roles in the local church. Distinctives of the minor include smaller classes, and a focus on developing as a pastoral leader. The emphasis will be on developing pastoral leaders who love God and love His people. For further information, please contact the program director, Dr. LC Sutton.

Requirements
PR 212 Homiletics 3
PR 310 Expository Preaching 3
PR 320 Preacher's Inner Life 3
PR 330 Crucial Issues in Ministry 3
PR 415 Advanced Preaching Lab 3
PR 425 Theology of Ministry 3
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Since the study of psychology leads to a better understanding of people, a psychology minor is an excellent way to enhance many degrees offered at Lincoln Christian University. Any undergraduate student desiring a minor in psychology will be expected to successfully complete 18 credit hours in the area of psychology, with a minimum of 12 of the credit hours from LCU. Only those courses which the student receives a 2.0 GPA or above will count toward the minor. When a student desires a minor in psychology, he or she will need to make an appointment with the psychology program director. For further information, please contact the program director, Larry Roberts.

Requirements
PS 230 Skills of the Helping Professional 3
SS 171 Principles of Psychology 3
PS 365 Psychology and Religion 3
Psychology Electives* 9
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* The students will also be required to complete three psychology course electives chosen during the initial appointment with the psychology advisor.

People interested in acquiring skills in prayer, spiritual warfare, leading retreats, organizing ministries of compassion and generosity, practicing the spiritual disciplines for growth and getting grounded in the ministry of spiritual direction should consider this minor. For further information, please contact the program director, Dr. Neal Windham.

Requirements
IC 277 Spiritual Conflict 3
SF 247 Prayer Practice & Spiritual Transformation 3
SF 260 Christian Spirituality 3
SF 366 Compassion 3
SF 445 Spiritual Direction & Care of Souls 3
Choose one of the following:
SF Any remaining spiritual formation course 3
TH 463 Christian Spirituality: East & West 3
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The TESOL minor is an 18 semester hour program designed to prepare Christians to teach English to those whose primary language is not English. The emphasis is upon how this preparation can be used in cross-cultural settings to advance God's Kingdom. The TESOL minor also leads to the Academic TESOL Certificate and / or to a secondary endorsement for teacher education majors. For further information, please contact the program director, Miriam Windham.

Requirements
ES 322 Introduction to Linguistics 3
ES 323 Cross Cultural Aspects in TESOL 3
ES 324 TESOL: Theoretical Foundations 3
ES 325 TESOL: Methods and Materials 3
ES 326 Assessment and Testing in ESL 3
ES 400 TESOL Practicum 3-4
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This minor equips students to better understand the world and make assessments of it in light of developments in Christian theology and the history of philosophy. For further information, please contact the program director, Dr. Steve Cone.

Requirements
PH 3 Philosophy classes 9
TH 3 Theology Classes 9
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The Women in Society is an interdisciplinary minor that promotes awareness of the unique experiences women encounter in their individual lives and in their work (ministry). The minor aims to help students take women seriously - in both the manner in which their gender specific issues are studied, as well as the manner in which these issues are addressed. The minor further aims to provide students with tools that will equip them with knowledge needed to help women in their God-given ministry - be it in the home, the church, or the market-place. For further information, please contact the program director, Dr. Njere Bere.

Requirements
Choose 6 of the following:
AD 495 Women in Organizations 3
CE 211 Foundations of Children & Family Studies 3
IC 403 Women in Missions 3
ID 314 Women in Literature 3
PS 390 Human Sexuality 3
PS 397 Special Issues in Ministry to Females 3
SC 112 Nutrition 3
SF 366 Compassion 3
SS 101 Introduction to Sex & Gender 3
SS 235 Marriage & Family 3
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The Youth and Family Ministry program minor prepares and invites individuals to discover the necessary mindset and skills to serve the church in a variety of ministry settings (birth to college age youth ministers, age-level student ministries [ e.g., junior high ministry], family ministries, associate ministers working with youth, church-related organizations, campus ministry, urban and international settings, and related areas.) Students develop a theologically-grounded philosophy of ministry that will guide their acquired skills to be faithful and relevant in empowering leaders, partnering with the family, and encouraging the spiritual formation of adolescent disciples. For further information contact the program director, Rondel Ramsey.

Requirements
YM 100 Orienteering Youth and Family Ministry 1
YM 211 Foundations for Youth & Family Ministry 3
YM 213 Creative Communications for Ministry 2
YM 325 Relational Dynamics for Youth Ministry 3
YM 326 Youth Ministry Nuts & Bolts 3
YM 327 Social Issues for Youth & Family Ministry 3
YM 480 Mathetes: Advanced Youth Ministry 3
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Students with a minor in Youth Ministry are not required to take Greek, Homiletics, or the YM internship.

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